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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Make] Projects 

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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Written By: Jane Patrick 



TOOLS: 



PARTS: 



LoomM) 

Rigid heddle loom with a 20" weaving 

width. I used Schacht Spindle's Flip 

Folding Loom that comes with a 10-dent 

reed (to yield 10 threads per inch), a 

warping peg, threading hook, and 2 stick 

shuttles. 

Pick-up stick (1) 

Rope machine (1) 

Incredible Rope Machine from Schacht 
Spindle. I used mine to make a twisted 
cord finish, but you could hand-twist or 
braid a trim. 

Sewing machine (1) 

or hand sewing supplies. 



• 



Yarn(1) 

Cascade 2-ply merino wool yarn 
(1 .000yds/lb) available in 31/2oz. 220yd 
skeins, in the following colors: Dark red- 
orange, color 2425 (2 skeins). Burnt 
orange, color 9465B (2 skeins) used for 
the warp. Dark green, color 2445 (1 
skein). Medium green, color 2429 (1 
skein). Light green, color 8903 (1 skein). 
Bright yellow, color 7827 (1 skein). 

Heavy paper (1) 
such as grocery bags. 

Stuffing (1) 

Fiberfill stuffing like Poly-fil. or Nature- 

Fil. made from bamboo and organic 

cotton. 

Velcro (5") 

Fabric (1) 

Muslin or scrap fabric to make the inner 

pillow. 

Warp length (2 1/2yds) 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



allows about 30" for loom waste and 
practice. 



SUMMARY 

For the budding weaver, a rigid heddle loom is affordable and easy to use. To make this 
woven pillow, you'll use one color of yarn for the threads on the loom (the warp), and another 
color to weave with (the weft). 

To accent your pillow you'll use a bundle of 4 colors and a pick-up stick. If you've never 
woven before, weave the back of the pillow first. By the time you finish the back, you'll be 
ready to tackle the front using 2 shuttles and a pick-up stick. This is a perfect first project. 
The thick wool yarns weave up quickly, and the colorful fringe accent adds a bit of zest and 
is easy to accomplish. 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 1 — Thread (warp) the loom. 





• Your warp (the threads that run vertically on the loom) will be 2 1/2yds long. 

• Place the warping peg in front of the loom, 2 1/2yds away from the back apron rod. 

• Clamp the loom to the table, with the back of the loom hanging over the edge of the table, 
and place the burnt orange yarn on the floor underneath the apron rod. Facing the back of 
the loom, tie the yarn onto the rod close to one end (it doesn't matter which side; 
whichever is most comfortable for you). 

• Using the threading hook, take a loop of the warp yarn through the slot in the heddle (1/2" 
from the edge of the heddle) and carry it over to the warping peg. There will now be 2 warp 
ends through the slot. 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 2 




• Bring the yarn around the apron rod and through the next slot, and then around the warping 
peg. 

• Continue in this manner all the way across your loom for a total of 19" (152 ends). 

• Tie off the end on the apron rod. 

Step 3 




• Cut the loop of warp yarn around the warping peg and tie it in 1 big, loose overhand knot. 

# Wind the warp onto the back beam, separating the layers with heavy paper. Check to 
make sure that the paper is winding on straight. Every so often, pull on the warp at the 
front to tighten it around the beam. 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 4 




• Turn the loom around and work from the front. Beginning at either edge of the warp, take 1 
of the 2 warp ends out of each slot and thread it through the adjacent hole. Repeat all the 
way across until all the holes have been threaded. 

• Tie the ends in 1" sections (bunches of 8) onto the front apron rod, using the first part of a 
surgeon's knot (i.e., a double overhand knot, like when you start to tie your shoes but with 
an extra pass through). Check the tension all the way across the width of the warp to 
make sure it's even, then secure the knots with a bow knot. 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 5 — Begin weaving. 



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• Wind a stick shuttle with dark red-orange in a figure-8 pattern; wind only as much as is 
comfortable in your hand and will fit through the shed. Place the heddle in the up position 
and look through from the side; you'll see an opening, the shed, through which you'll pass 
the shuttle. To weave, you'll simply place the heddle alternately in the up position ("up 
shed") and the down position ("down shed"), passing the shuttle through the shed each 
time, back and forth. 

• To spread the warp to prepare for weaving, just pass the shuttle back and forth between 
the upper and lower sheds 3 or 4 times before pressing the yarn into place using the 
heddle. Repeat if necessary. 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 6 




• Begin weaving your pillow. Place 
the heddle in the up shed, insert 
the shuttle into the shed on one 
side, and take it out on the other. 
Press the weft into place with the 
heddle (this is called beating) and 
then place the heddle in the down 
shed and pass the shuttle through 
the shed to the other side. Beat. 

• You'll notice that alternate warp 
threads are lifted each time. This 
forms the most basic of weave 
structures, called plain weave. To 
prevent your weaving from drawing 
in, run the weft yarn through the 
shed at a 45° angle before beating. 
Weave so that there are about 8 
rows (or picks) of weft per inch. 
Weave the back of the pillow for 
33" and then begin the front. 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 7 — Prepare for the pick-up pattern. 




• Place the heddle in the down shed. 
Working behind the heddle and 
using the pick-up stick, count and 
pick up only the raised warps. 
Placing a piece of paper between 
the layers makes it easier to see 
what you're doing. Pick up in this 
way: skip 17 warps, pick up 6, skip 
12, pick up 6, skip 12, pick up 6, 
skip 17. Slide the pick-up stick to 
the back of the loom until you're 
ready for it. 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 8 — Weave the front. 






• To weave the front, use 2 shuttles, one with the same dark red-orange weft you used for 
the back, and a second shuttle wound with 4 colors for your pattern: dark green, medium 
green, light green, and yellow (the pattern weft). You'll use the pick-up stick to create the 
pattern. 

• Weave 2 1/2" in plain weave. 

• Weave pick-up for 12 rows in the following sequence: 

• Heddle in down shed. Weave with burnt orange. 

• Heddle in up shed. Weave with burnt orange. 

• Place the heddle in neutral, bring the pick-up stick forward to the back of the heddle, and 
turn the stick on edge, creating a temporary shed. Now weave with your pattern weft, just 
in the picked-up warps, leaving a 2" tail at either edge. Return the pick-up stick to the back 
of the loom. 

• Repeat this sequence until you've woven 12 rows of pick-up pattern. 

• Weave 2" plain weave. 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 9 — Wash the fabric, finish and sew the pillow. 




• Machine-wash your newly woven fabric in cold water and detergent, on the gentle cycle. 
Check the fabric often to make sure it isn't felting too much. 

• Remove it when it measures about 14 1/2" wide, rinse it in the sink with cool water, and 
then squeeze out as much water as possible and lay it flat to dry. Your fabric will measure 
about 40" x 14 1/2". 

• Cut the pattern loops and floats (the free ends) to 3/4" length. 

• Cut the pillow front, centering the pattern. I measured 2 1/4" from the edge of the pattern on 
all 4 sides and trimmed the fabric to this size, creating a rectangle approximately 14" wide 
by 16" long. 

• Your fabric size will vary according to how much it shrinks during washing. 

• Cut the 2 back pieces: a back flap that measures 8" by 16" long (or the length of your 
fabric) and a back piece 12" by 16" (or the length of your fabric). 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 10 




• On the flap, fold over 1" along a long edge and stitch it down. Cut 3 velcro strips 3/4" wide 
by 1 1/2" long, then center them 1 1/2" apart along the fold and stitch them by hand. Use 
only the hook side of the velcro; it will adhere to the fabric to keep the pillow closed. 

• To assemble the pillow, place the front piece right side up and lay the back flap along 1 
short edge, right sides together and raw edges aligned, with the folded edge toward the 
center and the velcro facing up. 

• Lay the back piece along the opposite short edge, right sides together and raw edges 
aligned. The back piece should overlap the flap by about 2". 



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Fringy Loom-Woven Pillow 



Step 11 




• Sew a 1/4" seam around all the outside edges. Turn the pillow right side out. 

• Make the inner pillow using muslin or scrap fabric. Cut two 15"x17" pieces and stitch them 
around the edge, leaving about a 5" gap in the center of 1 side. Stuff with polyester fiberfill, 
distributing the stuffing evenly, and hand-stitch the side closed. Now stuff this inner pillow 
into your woven creation and close the edge with velcro. 

• For a professional edge finish, make a 6-strand twisted cord with dark red-orange and 
burnt orange. To make this cord, I used the Incredible Rope Machine but you could hand- 
twist or braid a trim. Hand-sew the cord around the edge of the pillow, tucking in the ends. 

This project first appeared in CRAFT Volume 08 . pages 64-69. 

This document was last generated on 201 2-1 1 -03 01 :29:45 AM. 



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